The formal education system of Turkey encompasses school and tertiary education, and a non-formal education is also an integral part of the country.
School education in Turkey starts with pre-primary education that is optional and for children up to the age of 6. Then is the primary education that lasts for 8 years and is compulsory; followed by secondary education which is not compulsory. Secondary education in Turkey lasts for 4 years and is imparted by the general, vocational and technical high schools. General secondary/high schools prepare pupils for higher education. Vocational secondary schools provide prepare pupils for a vocation, or for higher education. Technical high schools provide study programmes that last for 4 years. At the end of secondary education, students must take high school completion examination. Students who pass must then appear for a “Student Selection Examination (OSS)” that is a requirement for taking admission into the higher education institution in Turkey.
The Council of Higher Education (CoHE) is responsible for higher education system in Turkey. Higher education in Turkey is provided by universities- state and private, institutes, faculties, higher vocational schools and conservatories.
The language of instruction in universities in Turkey is Turkish. Programmes in English, German and French are also offered.
Period of Compulsory Education
Level: Associate degree
Level: Bachelor’s degree
Level: Master’s degree